This section of the blog will explore studies in the significant cultural and humanistic scholarship produced by Arab intellectuals during the Ottoman centuries, 1500 – 1900. Within this four hundred year period we may consider representative texts and authors whose writings, or artistic production offer evidence of a significant development of humanism. In so doing the intent is to move beyond the overwhelming emphasis of European centered humanistic studies while the Ottoman world and in particular the Arab and Arabic speaking regions were claimed by many historians to be in decline. These pages will overturn that assumption and present the significant evidence for cultural production and scientific endeavor in these centuries. In so doing we may expand the notion of humanism as the domain of the German language based Enlightenment and recognize the participatoin of Arab and Ottoman philosophy and humanities.